Recent working paper:
- Levinson, David and Bernadette Marion (2009)
The City is Flatter: Changing Patterns of Job and Labor Access in Minneapolis-Saint Paul, 1995-2005
This study describes the measurement of accessibility by automobile for the Minneapolis – Saint Paul (Twin Cities) region over the period from 1995 to 2005. In contrast to previous analyses of accessibility, this study uses travel time estimates derived, to the extent possible, from actual
observations of network performance by time of day. A set of cumulative opportunity measures are computed with
transportation analysis zones (TAZs) as the unit of analysis for 1995 and 2005. Analysis of the
changes in accessibility by location over the period of study reveals that, for the majority of locations in the
region, accessibility increased over this period, though the increases were not uniform. A “flattening” or
convergence of levels of accessibility across locations was observed over time, with faster-growing suburban
locations gaining the most in terms of employment accessibility. An effort to decompose the causes of changes in
accessibility into components related to transportation network structure and land use (opportunity location) reveal
that both causes make a contribution to increasing accessibility, though the effects of changes to the transportation
network tend to be more location-specific. Overall, the results of the study demonstrate the feasibility and
relevance of using accessibility as a key performance measure to describe the regional transportation system.
2 thoughts on “The City is Flatter”
Any plans to combine auto accessibility with other modes to see if different parts of the metro truly are equalizing in terms of job/labor accessibility?
It’s fascinating to think about a “flattening” of accessibility across the metro. Is this a written or unwritten policy of regional transportation policy? Or more a function of individual decisions by firms and individuals? Is accessibility “flat” but the actual cost of transportation (internal and external) variable? So many questions…
So many questions, so many potential papers. Not all are written or releasable yet.
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